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Albert Einstein's brain was stolen after death for research
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
After Albert Einstein's death on April 18, 1955, Princeton researcher Thomas Harvey removed his brain without prior permission during autopsy. Einstein's family learned about it the next day from the New York Times but later gave a reluctant approval to conduct research. In 1999, a Canadian study claimed Einstein possessed unusual folds in the brain part associated with mathematical ability.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 08:00 am on 18 Apr
Einstein urged US to make atom bomb, opposed it before death
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
On learning about the Nazis attempting to make an atomic bomb, Albert Einstein wrote to then US President Franklin Roosevelt, urging him to conduct nuclear research. Although Einstein never participated directly in the project, Einstein expressed regret for his minor role in bringing about the Hiroshima-Nagasaki bombings and penned an open letter for peaceful nuclear disarmament before his death.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 02:34 pm on 18 Apr
Charles Darwin did not coin phrase 'survival of the fittest'
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
English naturalist Charles Darwin, who is associated with the term 'survival of the fittest', did not actually coin the term. He used the phrase in reference to natural selection in the fifth edition of 'On the Origin of Species' (1859). The phrase was however adopted from philosopher Herbert Spencer who used it in his writings, after reading Darwin's previous works.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 02:47 pm on 19 Apr
FBI spied on Albert Einstein for 22 years until his death
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
The FBI started spying on renowned German-born scientist Albert Einstein when he moved to America in 1933, shortly before Adolf Hitler rose to power. Agents listened to the physicist's phone calls and browsed his mail and trash, suspecting he was a Soviet spy. The surveillance, totalling 1,800 pages, ended with Einstein's death on April 18, 1955, with no supporting evidence.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:42 am on 18 Apr
First space station was crashed intentionally after 175 days
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
On April 19, 1971, the USSR launched Salyut-1, the first-ever space station to mark a decade of launching the first man in space, Yuri Gagarin. The first designated crew docked after five days but had to return without entering it due to a faulty hatch. The 18,425-kg station was intentionally crashed into the Pacific Ocean 175 days after its launch.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 02:22 pm on 19 Apr
India's 1st satellite cost ₹3 cr, orbited Earth for 17 years
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
Named after fifth-century Indian astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata, India's first satellite was launched on April 19, 1975. Costing a little over ₹3 crore, the 360-kg satellite stopped transmitting data five days after launch due to power failure, but spent 17 years in Earth's orbit. 'Aryabhata' was built by ISRO to conduct experiments in X-ray astronomy and solar physics.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 01:56 pm on 19 Apr
SpaceX launches NASA's planet-finding satellite on Falcon 9
short by Aditi Verma / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
Elon Musk-led SpaceX on Wednesday launched NASA's space telescope TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite) to search for other planets orbiting distant stars, aboard Falcon 9 rocket. SpaceX also landed the rocket's first stage on the 'Of Course I Still Love You' droneship. The Satellite is expected to catalog hundreds of planets that are less than twice the size of Earth.
short by Aditi Verma / 09:53 am on 19 Apr
Diamonds in meteorite are remnants of 'lost planet': Study
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
Diamonds found in a meteorite that exploded over Sudan in 2008 were formed deep inside a "lost planet" that once orbited the Sun, a Europe-based study has claimed. It was estimated the diamonds were formed at least 4.55 billion years ago, nearly at the same time as Earth's formation, under intense pressure within the planet possibly as big as Mars.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:06 am on 18 Apr
1st person to Mars must be a woman: NASA engineer
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
Allison McIntyre, a senior engineer who manages NASA's astronaut training centre, has said in an interview "I think the first person on Mars should be a woman." "My centre director is a woman... we have female astronauts, but we haven't put a woman on the Moon yet", said Allison, noting 12 astronauts who walked on the Moon were all men.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 01:38 pm on 18 Apr
Doctor behind Asperger's helped Nazis kill children: Study
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
An eight-year study into Austrian Hans Asperger, after whom the autism syndrome is named, has claimed the doctor collaborated with Nazis during WWII in killing children to maintain "racial hygiene". The study by the Medical University of Vienna claimed that nearly 800 children died at the clinic from 1940-1945, many of whom were murdered under the notorious child "euthanasia" scheme.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 06:36 pm on 19 Apr
Scientists accidentally create gold nanoparticles in water
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 20 Apr 2018,Friday
Stanford scientists have accidentally discovered a new way of creating gold nanoparticles and nanowires using water droplets. Gold particles are usually created using gold-containing chloroauric acid and sodium borohydride, a reducing agent. However, when the scientists replaced the reducing agent with water microdroplets, they were surprised to see the reaction still yielded gold nanoparticles.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 10:55 am on 20 Apr
Japanese island found with 16mn tonne of rare-earth minerals
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 20 Apr 2018,Friday
Japanese researchers claim to have discovered rare-earth mineral deposits weighing 16 million tonnes near the Pacific island of Minami-Torishima. Rare-earths are needed to make hi-tech products like smartphones, missile systems and electric vehicles. The team claimed to have an efficient method to extract the deposits buried 6 km deep while existing deep extraction methods aren't profitable.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:41 am on 20 Apr
Crater on Pluto's moon named after Mahabharat character
short by Ayushi Ahluwalia / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
The International Astronomical Union has named a crater on Pluto's largest moon Charon after a Mahabharat character, Revati, who is said to have been from a different "yuga" and linked to time travel. The name was proposed by a NASA team based on public recommendations. One of Charon's other features was named after '2001: A Space Odyssey' director Stanley Kubrick.
short by Ayushi Ahluwalia / 08:47 am on 18 Apr
Carbon fibre 'muscle' can lift 12,600 times its own weight
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
University of Illinois researchers are developing artificial carbon fibre muscles that can lift up to 12,600 times their own weight, and support up to 60 MPa of mechanical stress. Made from siloxane rubber, the coiled actuators are activated by electricity. A 0.4-mm diameter bundle was able to lift 1.9 litres water by 3.5 cm with just 0.172 V/cm applied voltage.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 12:36 pm on 18 Apr
Scientists confine light to space of 1 atom, make new record
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 20 Apr 2018,Friday
Spain-based researchers have confined light down to less than a nanometer, a space one atom thick in dimension, the smallest confinement possible. The team squeezed plasmons, which are electrons interacting strongly with light, into a gap between metal and graphene, a 2D form of carbon. Further, the plasmon propagation could be switched on and off by applying an electrical voltage.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 10:05 am on 20 Apr
Chandrayaan-2 to cost ₹800 crore: ISRO Chairman
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
India's second Moon mission, the Chandrayaan-2, whose launch has been postponed to October-November 2018, would cost a total of ₹800 crore, Indian Space Research Organisation Chairman K Sivan said on Wednesday. While the 3,290-kg satellite is worth ₹600 crore, the launch would cost ₹200 crore. The mission will feature an orbiter and a soft lander to place a rover.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:14 am on 19 Apr
Trump nominee elected as new NASA chief in 50-49 vote
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 20 Apr 2018,Friday
US President Donald Trump's nominee James Bridenstine was confirmed as NASA's 13th administrator after two days of voting, which saw a senator switching his decision to break the 49-49 tie. NASA had spent 15 months without a permanent chief, longest in the space agency's history. The 42-year-old former Navy pilot would be the first NASA chief with a non-scientific background.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:53 am on 20 Apr
Astronomers scan 340,000 stars to find Sun's 'lost siblings'
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
A group of Australian-led astronomers has revealed the "DNA" of over 340,000 Milky Way stars to search for "lost siblings" of the Sun, now scattered across the sky. The "DNA" refers to the chemical composition of stars, showing astronomers how the Universe evolved from having only hydrogen and helium to the present day elements on Earth necessary for life.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 12:51 pm on 19 Apr
30% corals died in catastrophic 2016 heatwave: Study
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
Corals on the Great Barrier Reef experienced a "catastrophic die-off" following the extended marine heatwave of 2016, an Australia-based study has found. The differently coloured corals depict the bleaching effect of global warming. Researchers found 30% of corals died due to bleaching along the 2,300-km World Heritage-listed reef off Australia's coast from March-November 2016.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 12:55 pm on 19 Apr
Skin implant gives early cancer warning by creating mole
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a skin implant which recognises the four most common types of cancer- prostate, lung, colon and breast cancer at a very early stage. In case of a cancer, the device, which is inserted under the skin, causes a mole to form when calcium level in the blood is elevated due to the developing tumour.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 04:02 pm on 19 Apr
Scientists model magma chambers under Yellowstone volcano
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
Using supercomputers, American scientists have modelled the behaviour of two magma chambers hidden below the surface of Yellowstone supervolcano, where the last major eruption happened 6.3 lakh years ago. At depths of 5-10 km, opposing forces create a transition zone where cold, rigid rocks give way to hot, ductile and partially molten rock from depths of 45 km, researchers found.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 05:34 pm on 18 Apr
Japan to trial 'world's first urine test' to spot cancer
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
Japanese firm Hitachi is set to carry out what it claimed to be the world's first experiment to test for cancer using urine samples. The firm developed basic technology to detect breast and colon cancer from urine samples two years ago. It will now begin testing some 250 samples, to see if samples at room temperature are suitable for analysis.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 04:45 pm on 18 Apr
Many octopuses with eggs discovered in unusual environment
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 18 Apr 2018,Wednesday
A large group of octopuses and their eggs have been discovered off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica at depths of over 3 km, where they shouldn't be able to survive as per researchers. Further, the ocean surface where the 186 eggs were attached had rocks leaking warm, low-oxygen fluid, which the scientists termed as "suicide".
short by Gaurav Shroff / 07:31 pm on 18 Apr
World's largest superconducting camera searches for planets
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
NASA and Caltech scientists are improving the world's largest superconducting camera that can spot planets around stars near our Solar System. Named DARKNESS, the 10,000-pixel spectrograph is designed to search for planets 100 million times fainter than the star. The device is mounted over a California-based telescope since 1.5 years, while scientists are working to improve its contrast ratios.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 11:32 am on 19 Apr
Butterfly-shaped winds from black holes stop star formation
short by Gaurav Shroff / on 19 Apr 2018,Thursday
A US-based study has shown how butterfly-shaped "winds" ejected by two co-orbiting black holes, in combination with gases ejected by stars, likely stopped a galaxy's star formation. While most galaxies in the Universe hold only one supermassive black hole at their centre, the galaxy NGC 6240 contains two, which would eventually spiral and crash, noted researchers.
short by Gaurav Shroff / 04:24 pm on 19 Apr
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